It is very likely that humans learned to cultivate water even before they started cultivating the land.

In fact, aquaculture is an ancient art that was already widely practiced by the Egyptians, the Phoenicians, the Etruscans and the Romans. The first evidence of aquaculture is an Egyptian bas-relief dating back to 2500 BC, which shows a man intent on harvesting fish.

In the past, aquaculture represented a practical alternative to fishing, while modern aquaculture represents a real production requirement.

Through the practice of farming, aquaculture multiplies the available resources, in particular proteins of a high biological value, and it satisfies the global demand for fish, helping to keep the natural reserves unaltered.